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A report from the Austrian Road Safety Board, "Requirements for an Austrian Road Safety Programme 2002-2010", looks at Austrian road safety efforts. It provides an overview of all relevant Austrian organisations and analyses the country's road accident characteristics and trends. It also looks at risk exposure for various categories of road users and measures to improve road safety. Key priority areas have been identified and the long-term vision of Austria's road safety strategy sets two numerical targets:
Road Safety Priorities
The priority areas in the Austrian road safety strategy are divided according to their place in the road transport and safety system: human behaviour, infrastructure, vehicle and the framework of constraints. Each of these areas harbours various clusters of measures, detailed into very specific measures. For each of the measures, three possible time frames - short, medium and long term - for the introduction and implementation have been given.
Safety equipment (restraint systems).
The target is to increase seat belt use by at least 10% by 2010 as well as increase the use of child restraint systems to at least 95%. The following specific measures are given:
Further details on Austrian Road Safety Programme 2002-2010: .pdf (2261 KB)
Brochure "Road Infrastructure 2006": .pdf (128 KB)
Road Safety Management Organisation
In Austria, a process has been started to decentralise ownership and operation of part of the federal road network to the regional level. Nevertheless, no regional or local road safety plans will be developed. It is planned that the federal road safety strategy will be implemented at regional level, primarily through incentives. A task force has been set up to develop the implementation phase of this decentralising process with respect to road safety. This task force consists of:
Kuratorium für Verkehrssicherheit (KfV)
The Kuratorium für Verkehrssicherheit (Austrian Road Safety Board) is a private institution engaged in accident research and accident prevention. It was founded in 1959 at the initiative of the Austrian automobile clubs and the association of the Austrian insurance companies due to the exorbitant number of traffic fatalities and injuries as a consequence of the booming mass motorisation in the 1950s. The high costs for insurers and the national economy resulting from these accidents called for action, and there was a wish to have an institution whose sole task was to elaborate appropriate, scientifically based measures for accident prevention and the enhancement of road safety.
From the beginning, KfV's work has been based on research activities focusing on traffic psychology, traffic education, traffic engineering and the communication of safety issues to the public by means of educational material and safety campaigns. KfV managers and researchers regarded it as essential to seek international cooperation in research work and to acquire knowledge about other institutions' research results. Thus, it has been an affiliate member of TRB (Transportation Research Board) since the early 1960s and joined the ITRD (International Transport Research Documentation) of OECD as soon as it came into existence.
In its first few years, there was no organised library and documentation at the KfV. Each KfV institute and the individual researchers acquired national and international literature independently. To combat this lack of a coherent information resource for the continously growing organisation, a central library and documentation centre was established by the end of the 1960s.
The KfV includes around 200 permanent staff and about 150 temporary workers employed in the course of a year at its headquarters in Vienna and the eight branch offices in the federal provinces. In 1987, the Austrian Institute for Home and Leisure Time Safety was founded as a KfV affiliate to cover accident research and prevention in the spheres of home, leisure time and sports. In 2000, there was a major restructuring when the Institute of Technical Safety, which deals with fire, burglary and theft prevention issues was affiliated. A new association, Kuratorium fuer Schutz und Sicherheit - including the KfV, the Austrian Institute for Home and Leisure Time Safety and the Institute for Technical Safety - was founded to consolidate the research on all of the above-mentioned areas. These different fields of activities are also reflected in the holdings of the library.
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