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eSafety is an important pillar in the Danish Road Safety Plan, whose pillars are: safer roads, safer vehicles, and Use of new technologies (eSafety) to improve the interaction between road and vehicle.
The infrastructure-related eSafety systems implementation, like for ISA and eCall, requiring the cooperation of many stakeholders, is more difficult to bring forward. As for eCall, discussions are taking place nationally, but a limited enthusiasm was shown so far.
•RTTI is regularly covering the territory and is used for public broadcast.
•Lane departure warning systems were tested on coaches.
•Test and trials currently running are: Speed Alert, a black box field trial, and two Intelligent Speed Adaptation trials (one aimed at young drivers, another one aimed at light commercial vehicles).
•Dynamic traffic management system is in use on M3 extension around Copenhagen.
Road Safety Vision, Plans, and Targets for Denmark
The vision and central theme of the Danish road safety strategy is "Every Accident is One too Many." It was launched in the Danish Government's Action Plan on road safety, and it is to constitute the common overall vision for all stakeholders and players within Danish road safety. The vision sets a course towards a future road system without any road accidents whatsoever and retains a focus on preventive measures.
Although the vision is to prevent all road accidents, the road safety policy objective for 2012 is to reduce the number of fatalities and seriously injured by at least 40% in 2012 compared to the base year of 1998. This means that nationwide, in absolute numbers the number of traffic fatalities may not exceed 300 and the number of seriously injured may not exceed 2443. Approximately half of Danish municipalities have also formulated their own targets.
Road Safety Priorities
Approximately 85% of all road accidents in Denmark involve one or more of the four elements: speeding, alcohol, cyclists, and/or junctions. The Danish Commission on Road Safety has therefore recommended continual emphasis on these four focus areas.
Although most accidents happen in urban areas, the greatest number of serious accidents occur on rural roads. On rural roads, emphasis is given to:
The accident risk in urban areas is three times higher in urban areas than on main roads (motorways) and primary rural roads. More than 80% of these accidents involve vulnerable road users. This means that there is great potential for reducing the number of accidents, as well as injury risk, by addressing speed in urban areas by, for instance:
Two-thirds of all local authorities have implemented measures against speeding.
Denmark has a high incidence of cyclist traffic. Every year, approximately 60 cyclists are killed and 2000 injured on Danish roads and cyclists remain a high-risk group. Cycling must be made safe and attractive and for many years, the city of Odense has taken the lead when it comes to safe and comfortable cycling conditions. Specific cycling measures (apart from those under speeding and junctions) are, for instance:
Almost half of all road accidents in Denmark happen at junctions, killing almost 200 people and injuring approximately 4800. The two typical accident factors involved are speeding and failure to observe priority rules. Specific measures that are taken in Denmark are:
Apart from these four priority areas, there is a miscellaneous category of familiar, yet effective road safety measures, such as:
Improved road lighting
Road Safety Management Organisation
The Danish Commission on Road Safety has a central role in the development of road safety programmes. It was established by the Danish Ministry of Transport and is composed of members of parliament, representatives from ministries, counties, local authorities, and institutions with interests in road safety. The task of the Commission is to propose road safety initiatives to reduce the number of road accidents. To this end, the Commission shall:
Road safety programmes are financed mainly through the state budget and through local authority spending. Local authorities are free to decide how they arrange their decision making. One of the further objectives of the Danish Commission on Road Safety is to increase and intensify research efforts to support policy development, policy implementation, and evaluation. The Commission has identified the areas where more research is required where these are among:
Road Safety Programme Monitoring and Evaluation
The three levels of road safety programmes each have their own monitoring and evaluation cycle. The Danish Commission on Road Safety is the agency responsible for evaluating the national road safety plan. The national plan is monitored three times per year, and evaluated every four years. Monitoring indicators are: the number of crashes, number of fatalities and serious injuries, speeds, drink-driving, accidents at intersections, and accidents involving cyclists.
The regional and local plans are evaluated once every four years, and the indicators used depend on the specific regional and local targets.
The Ministry of Transport has the general responsibility for the road sector, vehicle requirements and road traffic behaviour.
Danish Road Directorate
Danish Transport Research Institute (Danmarks Transport Forskning)
Danish organisation of industries and authorities working on developing ITS activities in Denmark.
Færdselsstyrelsen (Road Safety and Transport Agency)
Foreningen for Bæredygtig Trafik
Planning process, design and construction of infrastructure, road transport, public transport, road capacity
Research centre established in Aalborg to develop ITS research and development activities in Denmark.
Yearly conference in Aalborg focused on transport research
Roskilde Universitetscenter, Institut for Miljø, Teknologi og Samfund (Tek-Sam), Center for transportforskning, FLUX (Transport and mobility, transport logistics, politics and transport planning)
Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, DTU, Center for Trafik og Transport, CTT (Technical University of Denmark, Center for Traffic- and Transportation)
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eSafety Support is a European Commission funded project coordinated by ERTICO - ITS Europe