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Road Safety Vision, Plans, and Targets for Finland
Finland is one of the top countries in the world when it comes to road safety standards and performance. The Finnish National Road Safety Plan 2005 was established by the Consultative Committee on Road Safety, under the responsibility of the Ministry of Transport and Communication. The board of the Finnish National Road Administration (FinnRA) endorsed this plan in 1997. Based on the regional road safety programmes of each district, an overall programme was compiled and presented in 1999.
The principles of operation for improving road safety are as follows:
Based on these six principles, various specific objectives and activities have been defined for the year 2005. The base year used for the number of fatalities is 1989 (with 734 fatalities). The target set for 2000, was to reduce fatalities by 50% (367). The actual number of fatalities in 2000 was 396. The target set for 2005, is to reduce fatalities by 65%, or less then 250. Due to the fact that the target for 2000 was not met, the Consultative Committee on Road Safety presented an updated Road Safety Programme for 2001-2005, containing more intensified and more effective road safety measures. The 2001-2005 programme is based on a vision that has the following guiding principle. The road transport system must be designed so that nobody should die or be seriously injured on the roads. The aim of the 2001-2005 Road Safety Programme is to create the right conditions for a continuous improvement of the transport system, with the target of no more than 100 traffic fatalities by about 2025.
Road Safety Priorities
Most of the fatal crashes in Finland are head-on collisions, and about 75% of these, occur on main roads in sparsely populated areas. Two other main types of fatal accidents involve vulnerable road users, and single-party accidents (run off road). These three types cover about 80% of all road accident fatalities.
Long-term priority areas to improve road safety are:
Short-term priority measures to improve road safety are the following:
Road Safety Management Organisation
The Consultative Committee on Road Safety, an advisory body to the Ministry of Transport and Communications, is responsible for preparing national strategies. The Consultative Committee comprises representatives from:
Road Safety Programme Monitoring and Evaluation
The Consultative Committee on Road Safety, provincial and state offices, and the Ministry of Transport and Communications are responsible for monitoring and evaluation of the road safety programme. Monitoring takes place on a yearly basis.
Main monitoring indicators are: the number of crashes, fatalities and injuries. To this end, crash datya from various sources are analysed. Road user behviour is monitored by measuring: speeds, seatbelt use, use of cycle helmets and pedestrian reflectors. Other indicators that are monitored comprise: the extent of implementation of road safety measures, traffic growth, economic trends, and police activity (hours of enforcement).
Finland produces plan for national eCall
A consortium commissioned by the Finnish Ministry of Transport and Communications has produced a plan for a national eCall pilot to start in autumn 2004. The plan concludes that aftermarket devices will enable more forceful and cost-efficient car fleet penetration than OEM eCall devices. It describes the E-MERGE compatible system architecture for a national eCall system as well as accompanying technical specifications. The plan also includes an analysis of user requirements based on an interview study.
According to the plan, Finnish authorities will set up a system for receiving eCalls at the national emergency centres as well as the other required authority infrastructures. The authorities will provide the system for the device manufacturers and vendors in order to already ensure the operation of the devices this year. Next spring, studies on the private sector participation will be carried out, with the overall aim of full nationwide implementation of the authority infrastructures for eCall in the beginning of 2006. The plan is currently only available in Finnish.
VTT Communities and Infrastructure - Transport Research has published collections of abstracts since 1993
Our central mission is to gain knowledge throughout the customer's logistics value chain and to optimise all forms of transport included. In co-operation with our customers we develop systems that are economical and environmentally sustainable. We help in decision-making concerning diverse transport solutions and estimate the socio-economic effects of transport and traffic systems.
Helsinki University of Technology, HUT, Laboratory of Transportation Engineering
The Central Organisation for Traffic Safety in Finland is a national expert organisation aiming at improving road safety by influencing people’s traffic behaviour, values and attitudes concerning traffic throughout society. Its goal is to reduce the number of hazardous situations, risk factors and accidents in traffic and to alleviate their consequences. The means for achieving the goal are publicity and education by targeting all road users - particularly the people and organisations specifically concerned with traffic matters.
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eSafety Support is a European Commission funded project coordinated by ERTICO - ITS Europe