|Contact us | Print edition | A-Z Index | Sitemap|
|eSafety activities||eCall Toolbox||Learn||News||eSafety Events||Media Centre||Links|
The Netherlands contributes in the development of a European Accident Causation Database covering all EU countries, in the definition of possible countermeasures and in the determination of clear goals and priorities for further RTD., through a relation with the EU project VERONICA (Vehicle Event Recording based on Intelligent Crash Assessment), on the study of accident and event data recording technology.
Driver education and support for environment-friendly driving is encouraged by the so called The new driving advertisement campaign, initiated by the Ministry of Traffic and Water management. Furthermore, driving schools have integrated this concept in their driving instructions. Key points are: low revolution shifting gears, gradually and gently applying throttle, compliance with speed limits and better anticipation enabling to release the throttle when applicable instead of keeping throttle position to the last seconds and then applying full brakes.
Road Safety Vision, Plans, and Targets
The Dutch road safety policy centres on the concept of sustainable road safety. In the 1980's, the Dutch Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management, set the following road safety targets: 50% fewer fatalities and 40% fewer hospital admissions resulting from road crashes by the year 2010 compared to 1986. In 1991, it became apparent that these targets would not be met if traditional policies were continued, even if the related activities would be intensified, and new, scientifically based and data-driven policy was developed with the aim to develop a sustainable and safe traffic system. This comprises an infrastructure that is adapted to road user capacities and limitations, safer road vehicles, and road users that are adequately trained, informed and where necessary controlled.
An intermediate fatality reduction rate was set at 25% for the year 2000 (compared to 1.527 fatalities in 1986). The number of killed persons on Dutch roads in 2000 was 1.082 (actual reduction of 29%). In 2001, the number of road fatalities dropped below 1.000 (993 killed persons). The following national road safety plan was the Start-up Programme for 1998-2001, and regional road safety plans are being developed from the national plan. The next step will be to integrate a Long-term Road Safety Programme (MPV) into the Dutch National Traffic and Transport Plan (NVVP).
Road Safety Priorities
In order to achieve the policy targets for 2010, the Dutch road safety priorities and measures cover a fairly wide gamut of activities. Because the Netherlands has a fairly good road safety record (together with Sweden, Finland, the United Kingdom the best in Europe), much has already been achieved in the past. Because of the high number of cyclists, the Netherlands has a well-developed and extensive network of cycle paths, in most cases physically or visually separating bicycles from other traffic. Safety audits for new road design and redesign is becoming standard practice. As one of the last countries in the EU, the Netherlands has banned handheld phone use by all road users except cyclists and pedestrians (May 2002).
Road Safety Management Organisation
The Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management has the central responsibility for safety policy and allocates funds for specific road safety activities. Dutch road safety policy is designed and executed at different government levels: national/state, regional, and local. Furthermore, various government sectors (road authorities, police, justice, and education bodies, etc.) are involved in policy setting; each with its own tasks and powers. Ensuring coherent road safety policy calls for horizontal co-ordination (between sectors) and vertical co-ordination (between levels). Since 1992, horizontal co-ordination at the national level has been undertaken by the Consultancy Body on Road Safety (OVV), in which all bodies involved at that level are represented. In 1994, important agreements were made about the vertical and horizontal co-ordination in the Decentralisation Agreement under which each province has a Provincial Safety Board (ROV). This measure aims to harmonise regional traffic and transport policy.
Various non-governmental organisations are also active in promoting road safety, such as 3VO (the co-operation of three road safety organisations) and the Dutch automobile club ANWB. Also various road safety research support organisations are active, such as AVV (a research and advisory body of the Ministry of Transport), SWOV (organisation for scientific road safety research), TNO (Netherlands organisation for applied physics research), and a wide spectrum of medium-sized and small research and consultancy firms.
Road Safety Programme Monitoring and Evaluation
In order to evaluate the effectiveness of road safety policy at various governmental levels, both the Dutch Ministry of Transport, provinces and municipalities are responsible for monitoring and evaluation. At the national level, Road Safety Policy Effect Reports released once a year, with a comprehensive report every four years. Monitoring details cover the number of crashes, fatalities, casualties (at various level of seriousness), and risk exposure. Road user behaviour, drink-driving, seatbelt use and average speeds as well as traffic counts are monitored.
The Transport Safety Board http://www.rvtv.nl/english/index.html is the result of bringing together various organisations which carried transport research. Certain investigative responsibilities of government inspectorates have also been transferred to the new board. This pooling of forces in an independent board not only provides a better guarantee of the independence of the investigation, the investigators will also benefit from each others knowledge and expertise, making them more effective and efficient.
RDW, http://www.rdw.nl/eng/index.htm the RDW Centre for Vehicle Technology and Information is dedicated to forming an effective bridge between the public and private sectors. It keeps a close eye on international developments and adjusts its activities accordingly. By applying its core competences, RDW strives to offer extra social added value in the form of tangible products and services for both private enterprise and various levels of government.
The AVV, Transport Research Centre http://www.rws-avv.nl/ (part of the Rijkswaterstaat organisation) makes an active contribution to improving the Dutch transport system by supplying knowledge for the formulation and implementation of Dutch transport policy.
SWOV http://www.swov.nl/, an independent, scientific institute pofessionally involved in traffic and road safety in the Netherlands, aims at safer traffic using scientifically founded knowledge. SWOV wants to make a contribution to promoting road safety by means of knowledge from scientific research. All of its knowledge is public information and available to the public.
|Copyright 2005-2007 | Disclaimer
eSafety Support is a European Commission funded project coordinated by ERTICO - ITS Europe