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Commission enables cars to be equipped with road safety technology
Short-range radars that can detect collision dangers and automatically apply a car’s brakes should be available by mid-2005, further to a Decision adopted 18 January 2005 by the European Commission. The decision, which allocates a specific radio frequency band to short-range radar devices, is the result of a two-year drive by the Commission and EU radio spectrum and road safety experts. According to the European Road Safety Action Programme, the number of road accident victims is to be halved in the EU by 2010.
Information Society and Media Commissioner Viviane Reding said: "Short-range radar can save lives. This innovative technology, developed by industry partly with the help of EU-funded research, will reduce the frequency, severity and cost of road accidents. Today’s decision opens radio bands to short-range radar while preventing radio interference to other essential users of these frequencies. The Commission thereby provides a sound legal basis for an EU-wide market for short-range radar technology. I hope the automotive industry will make full use of this opportunity”.
To permit the use of short-range radars, an EU-wide radio frequency band had to be made available. The Commission acted pursuant to the 2002 Radio Spectrum Decision which provides for a coordinated EU approach on radio spectrum matters. As effectively all radio frequencies are already used, the challenge was to enable short-range radar devices to operate in frequency bands at present used for other important purposes, including mobile telephony, weather satellites, radio telescopes and police radars. The Commission thus had to ensure that short-range radars would not impair e.g. the accuracy of weather monitoring or the reliability of mobile networks. The Commission had therefore tasked the CEPT (Conférence Européenne des Administrations des Postes et Télécommunications) to work out detailed technical means to avoid interference and also consulted the Radio Spectrum Committee, which had given a favourable opinion.
The use of short-range radar now made possible by the Commission is the first large-scale application of Ultra-wide Band in Europe. Ultra-wide Band is a low-power wireless technology that re-uses spectrum already employed by other radio services. Many other useful applications of this technology are also being developed with the support of Community-funded research, , for example to enable wireless high-data transmission systems within the home and for locating victims in emergency situations.
The decision, which is to enter into force in mid-2005, opens the 24 GHz frequency band for a time-limited period to the use of car radars across the EU. Beyond 2013, by which time the number of cars using SRR may have grown to a level where other wireless services could be affected, new automotive radar applications will be required to use another frequency band (79 GHz) already harmonised by the earlier Commission Decision 2004/545/EC.
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